Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracCgi


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Timestamp:
Apr 22, 2012, 12:10:20 PM (9 years ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracCgi

    v1 v2  
    11= Installing Trac as CGI =
    2 
    3 To install Trac as a CGI script, you need to make the `trac.cgi` executable as a CGI by your web server.
    42
    53{{{
    64#!div class=important
    7   ''Please note that using Trac via CGI is significantly slower than any other deployment method, such as [TracModPython mod_python] or [TracFastCgi FastCGI] or even [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp IIS/AJP] on Windows.''
     5  ''Please note that using Trac via CGI is the slowest deployment method available. It is slower than [TracModPython mod_python], [TracFastCgi FastCGI] and even [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp IIS/AJP] on Windows.''
    86}}}
    97
    10 If you're using [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache HTTPD], there are a couple ways to do that:
     8CGI script is the entrypoint that web-server calls when a web-request to an application is made. To generate the `trac.cgi` script run:
     9{{{
     10trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /path/to/www/trac
     11}}}
     12`trac.cgi` will be in the `cgi-bin` folder inside the given path. ''Make sure it is executable by your web server''. This command also copies `static resource` files to a `htdocs` directory of a given destination.
    1113
    12  1. Use a `ScriptAlias` to map a URL to the `trac.cgi` script
    13  2. Copy the `trac.cgi` file into the directory for CGI executables used by your web server (commonly named `cgi-bin`). A word of warning, copying the file directly from the repository onto a windows server 2003 machine created difficulties. Rather create a new text file and cut and copy the text into the newly created file. You can also create a symbolic link, but in that case make sure that the `FollowSymLinks` option is enabled for the `cgi-bin` directory.
     14== Apache web-server configuration ==
    1415
    15 The first option is recommended as it also allows you to map the CGI to a friendly URL.
     16In [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] there are two ways to run Trac as CGI:
    1617
    17 Now, edit the Apache configuration file and add this snippet, file names and locations changed to match your installation:
     18 1. Use a `ScriptAlias` directive that maps an URL to the `trac.cgi` script (recommended)
     19 2. Copy the `trac.cgi` file into the directory for CGI executables used by your web server (commonly named `cgi-bin`). You can also create a symbolic link, but in that case make sure that the `FollowSymLinks` option is enabled for the `cgi-bin` directory.
     20
     21To make Trac available at `http://yourhost.example.org/trac` add `ScriptAlias` directive to Apache configuration file, changing `trac.cgi` path to match your installation:
    1822{{{
    19 ScriptAlias /trac /usr/share/trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi
     23ScriptAlias /trac /path/to/www/trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi
    2024}}}
    2125
    22  ''Note that this directive requires the `mod_alias` module to be installed and enabled.''
     26 ''Note that this directive requires enabled `mod_alias` module.''
    2327
    2428If you're using Trac with a single project you need to set its location using the `TRAC_ENV` environment variable:
     
    3640}}}
    3741
    38  ''Note that the `SetEnv` directive requires the `mod_env` module to be installed and enable. If not, you could set TRAC_ENV in trac.cgi. Just add the following code between "try:" and "from trac.web ...":''
     42 ''Note that the `SetEnv` directive requires enabled `mod_env` module. It is also possible to set TRAC_ENV in trac.cgi. Just add the following code between "try:" and "from trac.web ...":''
    3943
    4044{{{
     
    5054}}}
    5155
    52 This will make Trac available at `http://yourhost.example.org/trac`.
    53 
    5456If you are using the [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/suexec.html Apache suEXEC] feature please see [http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/ApacheSuexec].
    5557
    5658On some systems, you ''may'' need to edit the shebang line in the `trac.cgi` file to point to your real Python installation path. On a Windows system you may need to configure Windows to know how to execute a .cgi file (Explorer -> Tools -> Folder Options -> File Types -> CGI).
    5759
     60=== Using WSGI ===
     61
     62You can run a [http://henry.precheur.org/python/how_to_serve_cgi WSGI handler] [http://pythonweb.org/projects/webmodules/doc/0.5.3/html_multipage/lib/example-webserver-web-wsgi-simple-cgi.html under CGI].  You can [wiki:TracModWSGI#Thetrac.wsgiscript write your own application function], or use the deployed trac.wsgi's application.
     63
    5864== Mapping Static Resources ==
    5965
    60 Out of the box, Trac will serve static resources such as style sheets or images itself. For a CGI setup, though, this is highly undesirable, because it results in the CGI script being invoked for documents that could be much more efficiently served by the web server directly.
    61 
    62 Web servers such as [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache HTTPD] allow you to create “Aliases” to resources, thereby giving them a virtual URL that doesn't necessarily bear any resemblance to the layout of the servers file system. We already used this capability above when defining a `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script, and we'll use it now to map requests to the static resources to the directory on the file system that contains them, thereby bypassing the processing of such requests by the CGI script.
    63 
    64 Edit the Apache configuration file again and add the following snippet '''before''' the `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script , file names and locations changed to match your installation:
    65 {{{
    66 Alias /trac/chrome/common /usr/share/trac/htdocs
    67 <Directory "/usr/share/trac/htdocs">
    68   Order allow,deny
    69   Allow from all
    70 </Directory>
    71 }}}
    72 
    73 Note that whatever URL path you mapped the `trac.cgi` script to, the path `/chrome/common` is the path you have to append to that location to intercept requests to the static resources.
    74 
    75 For example, if Trac is mapped to `/cgi-bin/trac.cgi` on your server, the URL of the Alias should be `/cgi-bin/trac.cgi/chrome/common`.
    76 
    77 Similarly, if you have static resources in a projects htdocs directory, you can configure apache to serve those resources (again, put this '''before''' the `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script, and adjust names and locations to match your installation):
    78 
    79 {{{
    80 Alias /trac/chrome/site /path/to/projectenv/htdocs
    81 <Directory "/path/to/projectenv/htdocs">
    82   Order allow,deny
    83   Allow from all
    84 </Directory>
    85 }}}
    86 
    87 Alternatively, you can set the `htdocs_location` configuration option in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]:
    88 {{{
    89 [trac]
    90 htdocs_location = /trac-htdocs
    91 }}}
    92 
    93 Trac will then use this URL when embedding static resources into HTML pages. Of course, you still need to make the Trac `htdocs` directory available through the web server at the specified URL, for example by copying (or linking) the directory into the document root of the web server:
    94 {{{
    95 $ ln -s /usr/share/trac/htdocs /var/www/your_site.com/htdocs/trac-htdocs
    96 }}}
    97 
    98 Note that in order to get this `htdocs` directory, you need first to extract the relevant Trac resources using the `deploy` command of TracAdmin:
    99 [[TracAdminHelp(deploy)]]
    100 
     66See TracInstall#MappingStaticResources.
    10167
    10268== Adding Authentication ==
    10369
    104 The simplest way to enable authentication with Apache is to create a password file. Use the `htpasswd` program to create the password file:
    105 {{{
    106 $ htpasswd -c /somewhere/trac.htpasswd admin
    107 New password: <type password>
    108 Re-type new password: <type password again>
    109 Adding password for user admin
    110 }}}
    111 
    112 After the first user, you dont need the "-c" option anymore:
    113 {{{
    114 $ htpasswd /somewhere/trac.htpasswd john
    115 New password: <type password>
    116 Re-type new password: <type password again>
    117 Adding password for user john
    118 }}}
    119 
    120   ''See the man page for `htpasswd` for full documentation.''
    121 
    122 After you've created the users, you can set their permissions using TracPermissions.
    123 
    124 Now, you'll need to enable authentication against the password file in the Apache configuration:
    125 {{{
    126 <Location "/trac/login">
    127   AuthType Basic
    128   AuthName "Trac"
    129   AuthUserFile /somewhere/trac.htpasswd
    130   Require valid-user
    131 </Location>
    132 }}}
    133 
    134 If you're hosting multiple projects you can use the same password file for all of them:
    135 {{{
    136 <LocationMatch "/trac/[^/]+/login">
    137   AuthType Basic
    138   AuthName "Trac"
    139   AuthUserFile /somewhere/trac.htpasswd
    140   Require valid-user
    141 </LocationMatch>
    142 }}}
    143 
    144 For better security, it is recommended that you either enable SSL or at least use the “digest” authentication scheme instead of “Basic”. Please read the [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/ Apache HTTPD documentation] to find out more. For example, on a Debian 4.0r1 (etch) system the relevant section  in apache configuration can look like this:
    145 {{{
    146 <Location "/trac/login">
    147     LoadModule auth_digest_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_auth_digest.so
    148     AuthType Digest
    149     AuthName "trac"
    150     AuthDigestDomain /trac
    151     AuthUserFile /somewhere/trac.htpasswd
    152     Require valid-user
    153 </Location>
    154 }}}
    155 and you'll have to create your .htpasswd file with htdigest instead of htpasswd as follows:
    156 {{{
    157 # htdigest /somewhere/trac.htpasswd trac admin
    158 }}}
    159 where the "trac" parameter above is the same as !AuthName above  ("Realm" in apache-docs).
     70See TracInstall#ConfiguringAuthentication.
    16071
    16172----
    162 See also:  TracGuide, TracInstall, wiki:TracModWSGI, TracFastCgi, TracModPython
     73See also:  TracGuide, TracInstall, [wiki:TracModWSGI], TracFastCgi, TracModPython